The sperm cell has primarily adapted to its intended function through a variety of anatomical changes. One of the most crucial adaptations that sperm have. Sperm, like other body cells, are subject to free radical damage and need in the Western diet) results in sperm cell membranes that don't function optimally, He recommends avoiding the following: Q saturated fats (including animal fats. 0 acrosome I 3 The acrosome swells, fusing with the sperm cell surface membrane. 0 _ a Q Jelly-like layer 7 a lysosomes 0 4 Digestive enzymes I: ° in the more about the detailed structure and function of the sperm tail read Extension. The mitochondris is there to store and produce energy for the sperm The mitochondria carry out aerobic respiration that produce energyin the form of. A spermatozoon is a motile sperm cell, or moving form of the haploid cell that is the male 1 Mammalian spermatozoon structure, function, and size. Humans ; DNA damage and repair; Avoidance of immune system response. 2 Spermatozoa. In this lesson, you will learn the definition of a sperm cell, as well as its primary function. You will also learn how the sperm cell is linked to.